Le transhumanisme est-il une gnose ?

Even though transhumanists rarely describe themselves as Gnostics, this term is often attributed to them by their critics but is rarely explained, as if the relationship were obvious. Is it that obvious? To respond to this question, it is important to define the term “Gnosis”, which we will do with...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:Revue d'éthique et de théologie morale
Main Author: Deprez, Stanislas
Format: Electronic Article
Language:French
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Published: Ed. du Cerf [2019]
In: Revue d'éthique et de théologie morale
Year: 2019, Volume: 302, Issue: 2, Pages: 29-41
Standardized Subjects / Keyword chains:B Transhumanism / Gnosis
RelBib Classification:BF Gnosticism
NBE Anthropology
VA Philosophy
Online Access: Volltext (Resolving-System)
Description
Summary:Even though transhumanists rarely describe themselves as Gnostics, this term is often attributed to them by their critics but is rarely explained, as if the relationship were obvious. Is it that obvious? To respond to this question, it is important to define the term “Gnosis”, which we will do with reference to the philosopher Hans Jonas. These clarifications will enable us to discuss two transhumanist ideas that evoke Gnosticism: the rejection of the body and the concept of singularity. This analysis will show that, if it is correct to view transhumanism in religious terms, it is difficult to view the movement as a form of Gnosis. Another hypothesis will be outlined in conclusion: transhumanism could be a form of neo-Joachism.
Si les transhumanistes eux-mêmes ne se qualifient pas de gnostiques, ce terme leur est souvent attribué par des auteurs critiques, mais rarement explicité, comme si le rapprochement allait de soi. Est-ce si évident ? Pour répondre à cette question, il importe de définir ce qu'est la gnose, ce que nous ferons en nous référant au philosophe Hans Jonas. Ces clarifications permettront de discuter deux thèses transhumanistes qui évoquent le gnosticisme : le rejet du corps et la singularité. Cet examen montrera que si c'est à bon droit que le transhumanisme fait songer au religieux, il est difficile de considérer ce mouvement comme une gnose. Une autre hypothèse sera esquissée en conclusion : le transhumanisme pourrait être un néo-joachimisme.
ISSN:2118-4518
Contains:Enthalten in: Revue d'éthique et de théologie morale