British Islamic extremist terrorism: the declining significance of Al-Qaeda and Pakistan

This article considers the importance of Al-Qaeda and Pakistan in driving British Islamic extremist terrorism during the past decade. Between 2003 and 2013, almost 50 British-born Muslims engaged in multiple high-profile terrorism conspiracies. All were designed to kill or seriously injure British c...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Published in:International affairs
Main Author: Herrington, Lewis
Format: Print Article
Language:English
Check availability: HBZ Gateway
Journals Online & Print:
Drawer...
Published: 2015
In:International affairs
Year: 2015, Volume: 91, Issue: 1, Pages: 17-35
Further subjects:B Social environment
B Vereinigtes Königreich Pakistan Verteidigungs- und sicherheitsbezogene Beziehungen Bedrohungsvorstellungen (Sicherheitspolitik) Internal security Terrorism Religiöser Fundamentalismus Militanter Islam Muslime Einheimische Extremismus Motivation Soziale Faktoren Religionsbezogene Ideologie Heiliger Krieg (Islam) Al-Qa'ida Role / Meaning Entwicklungsperspektive und -tendenz
B Einflussgröße
B Dschihadismus
B Jihad
B Muslim
B Native
B Great Britain
B Pakistan
B Motivation
B Fundamentalism
B Ideology
B Radicalism
B Development
B Internal security
B Military relations
B Terrorism
B Religion
B Bedrohungsvorstellung
B Role
B Militancy
B United Kingdom Defence and security relations Perceptions of threat (security policy) Domestic security Terrorism Religious fundamentalism Militant Islam Muslims natives Extremism Social factors Religious ideologies Holy War (Islam) Importance / role Development perspectives and tendencies
B Islam
B Tendency
B Meaning
Description
Summary:This article considers the importance of Al-Qaeda and Pakistan in driving British Islamic extremist terrorism during the past decade. Between 2003 and 2013, almost 50 British-born Muslims engaged in multiple high-profile terrorism conspiracies. All were designed to kill or seriously injure British citizens. Drawing on recently obtained court transcripts which offer remarkable detail, these plots are analysed from the point of view of radicalization, finance, training and operational direction. The emergence of extremist terrorism in the UK has its genesis within the Islamic fundamentalist movement, a socio-political ideology that arrived in London in the early 1990s. Contrary to the prevailing discourse, members of the movement constitute a far from homogenous set of individuals. Based on age, overseas connections, experience of conflict and religiosity, they each fulfill diverse tasks that range from preaching and fundraising to facilitating combative jihad. A minority adopted an extremist position that led them to carry out acts of terrorism. Since 2006, the role of Al-Qaeda and Pakistan in relation to this process has steadily declined. For the past seven years British Islamic extremists have pursued terrorism in whatever way they can on their own, with little or any direct support or influence from overseas. The security agencies are now asking how far current events in Syria will overturn this state of affairs. (International Affairs (Oxford) / SWP)
ISSN:0020-5850
Contains:In: International affairs