ʿĀmir b. ʿĀmir al-Baṣrī: Ismāʿīlī or Unorthodox Twelver ŠŠīʿī-Ṣūfī?

ʿAmir b. ʿAmir al-Baṣrī, according to evidence in his tāʾiyya, composed this long didactic mystical poem either in 700/1300-1301 or 731/1330-1331, while he was exiled to Sīwās in Anatolia. The object of this paper is fourfold. First, to give a brief sketch of his life gleaned from the extant Sunnī s...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:Arabica
Main Author: Poonawala, Ismail K. 1937-
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
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Published: [2019]
In:Arabica
Year: 2019, Volume: 66, Issue: 1/2, Pages: 43-81
Further subjects:B ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Magribī
B ʿAmir al-Baṣrī
B al-Ardistānī
B Ibn Taymiyya
B ṣāḥib al-waqt
B Ibn Ḥagar al-ʿAsqalānī
B Sīwās
B al-tāʾiyya
B Ibn al-Fāriḍ
B Ibn al-Fuwaṭī
B al-nūr
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Summary:ʿAmir b. ʿAmir al-Baṣrī, according to evidence in his tāʾiyya, composed this long didactic mystical poem either in 700/1300-1301 or 731/1330-1331, while he was exiled to Sīwās in Anatolia. The object of this paper is fourfold. First, to give a brief sketch of his life gleaned from the extant Sunnī sources and determine the date of al-tāʾiyya's composition or completion. Second, to review critically all the three editions of his al-tāʾiyya. Third, to scrutinize the contents of his poem, generally known as al-tāʾiyya l-ṣugrā in contradistinction to al-tāʾiyya l-kubrā of Ibn al-Fāriḍ (d. 632/1235). This Ode is crucial in establishing an unequivocal argument that the poet was an unorthodox Imāmī (Twelver) Šīʿī-Ṣūfī. Fourth, to refute the claims of ʿArif Tāmir, Muṣṭafā Gālib and Yves Marquet that al-Baṣrī was an Ismāʿīlī. The first two scholars do not present any tangible evidence to support their contention except the fact that copies of his tāʾiyya are to be found among the Syrian Ismāʿīlī-Nizārī communities. Yves Marquet, on the other hand, argues and speculates on the basis of his [mis]reading of certain internal and external evidences that the author was a high ranking Ismāʿīlī missionary. Unable to support his contention Marquet as a final point of defense opines that al-Baṣrī was probably affiliated with the Nizārī branch; however, he says this without any substantial internal or external verification. Contrarily, al-Baṣrī is not known at all in the Ismāʿīlī sources, either those of the Mustaʿlī-Ṭayyibīs in the Yemeni era, or of the Nizārīs during the post-Alamūt period.
ISSN:1570-0585
Contains:Enthalten in: Arabica
Persistent identifiers:DOI: 10.1163/15700585-12341522